IAA Cosmic Studies

Key Technologies

SKU: B026
Published:
2013
Description:
Key Technologies to Enable Near-Term Interstellar Scientific Precursor Missions, Published in 2013, 95 pages. This Cosmic Study considers the near-term implementation of robotic Interstellar Precursor probes, which should be considered as precursors to true interstellar missions. Destinations for such missions include the heliopause at >100 AU and the Sun's inner gravity focus at 550 AU. Current propulsion systems capable of reaching such destinations on trajectories requiring decades of travel time include the solar sail and nuclear-electric rocket. As well as presenting a consideration of near- and far-term propulsion technologies to implement such missions, this Study considers multiple aspects of potential destinations, science, and associated technologies. 35€ including shipping.
€35.00

Space Debris

SKU: B024
Published:
2013
Description:
Space Debris Environment Remediation, Published in 2013, 85 pages. The International Academy of Astronautics (IAA) has been investigating the status and the stability of the space debris environment in several studies by first looking into space traffic management possibilities, and then investigating means of mitigating the creation of space debris. The present report, with a focus on removal concepts and technical options for debris environment remediation, is intended to pave the way for a follow-on IAA study on “Orbital Debris Removal: Policy, Legal, Political and Economic Considerations”. That study will address in more detail the feasibility of technical, operational, legal and economical solution approaches. 35€ including shipping.
€35.00

Earth Observation

SKU: B019
Published:
2005
Description:
Cost Effective Earth Observation Missions, Published 2005, 160 pages. Hardcover. Cost-effective missions can be achieved by using different approaches and methods. One of the possible approaches is taking full advantage of the ongoing technology developments leading to further miniaturization of engineering components, development of micro-technologies for sensors and instruments which allow designing dedicated, well-focused Earth observation missions. This Study provides a definition of cost-effective Earth observation missions, information about background material and organizational support, shows the cost drivers and how to achieve cost-effective missions, and provides a chapter dedicated to training and education. The focus is on the status quo and prospects of applications in the field of Earth observation. 80€ shipping included.
€80.00

Traffic Management

SKU: B018
Published:
2005
Description:
Space Traffic Management, Published 2005, 104 pages. At first glance, the management of space traffic does not appear to be a pressing problem. On closer examination, this judgement has to be challenged. A high level and ever growing number of launches from more and more launch sites and spaceports, the participation of non-governmental entities, the positioning of satellite constellations, an increase in space debris and the advent of reusable launch vehicles support this view. Conceptualizing space traffic management will turn out to become a relevant task during the next two decades. Space traffic management however, will limit the freedom of use of outer space. Therefore an international consensus on internationally binding regulations will only be achieved, if States identify certain urgency and expect a specific as well as collective benefit - including an economic benefit - from this. The study addresses or directs decision makers in UNCOPUOS, ITU and ICAO to approach specific problems, organizations which are building blocks for a future space traffic management regime. 35€ shipping included.
€35.00

Debris Mitigation

SKU: B017
Published:
2005
Description:
Space Debris Mitigation: Implementing Zero Debris Creation Zones, Published 2005, 61 pages. For several decades, orbital debris has been identified as a serious concern! This orbital debris potentially threatens future space missions, mainly in Low Earth Orbits and in Geostationary Earth Orbit, due to the risk of high energy collisions with valuable spacecraft. A complete presentation of the topic has been published with the year 2000 revision of the IAA Position Paper on Orbital Debris 1. There are only very limited ways to improve the risks or effects of collisions: • Removal of large potential colliders does not seem practically feasible today • Collision avoidance is possible only with large catalogued debris • Shielding of critical spacecraft is possible up to a low energy limit only: debris larger than 1 or 2 cm impacting an active spacecraft may have very deadly effect • Mitigation is by far the most efficient strategy: limiting the number of orbital debris in the critical orbital zones is the most efficient strategy for long term stability of the orbital population. The study covered both the spacecraft and the launchers topics. Major recommendations are: • There shall be no generation of operational debris. • There shall be no risk of explosion following end of mission: any spacecraft or upper stage left in orbit shall be "passivated" • Two orbital regions shall be protected: Low Earth Region up to 2000 km and Geostationary Earth Orbit. Clear motto as a long term strategy: no orbital debris creation within these two protected regions. May be replaced in the coming decade by no long lived orbital debris creation within the two protected regions. 35€ shipping included.
€35.00

Next Steps

SKU: B016
Published:
2007
Description:
The Next Steps in Exploring Deep Space, Published 2007, 146 pages. Hardcover. The purpose of this report is to articulate a vision for the scientific exploration of space in the first half of the 21 st Century. The compelling scientific and cultural imperatives that guide this vision provide the context for a logical, systematic, and evolutionary architecture for human expansion into the solar system. This architecture represents a new approach leading ultimately to human exploration of Mars and a permanent human presence in the solar system. Within this framework, scientific objectives are used to determine the destinations for human explorers, and each successive destination and new set of capabilities is established as a stepping-stone to further exploration. Robotic missions continue to play a key role in achieving the science objectives and preparing for human exploration. Such an integrated robotic-human exploration program can be safe, cost-effective, exciting, and scientifically rewarding, and thus can have the public appeal and political support that are prerequisites for sustainable long-term human exploration beyond low Earth orbit. 80€ shipping included.
€80.00

Psychology & Culture

SKU: B015
Published:
2009
Description:
Psychology and Culture during Long-Duration Space Missions, Published 2009, 55 pages. The objective of this report is twofold: a) to describe the current knowledge of cultural, psychological, psychiatric, cognitive, and interpersonal issues that are relevant to the behavior and performance of astronaut crews and ground support personnel; and b) to make recommendations for future human space missions, including both transit and planetary surface operations on the Moon, Mars, and beyond. Potential readers include members of the IAA; space agency personnel, including astronauts and cosmonauts; and people interested in the psychological and cultural aspects of humans working in space. The focus is on long-duration missions lasting at least six weeks, when important psychological and interpersonal factors begin to take their toll on crewmembers. This information is designed to provide guidelines for astronaut selection and training, in-flight monitoring and support, and post-flight recovery and re-adaptation. 35€ shipping included.
€35.00

Medical Safety

SKU: B014
Published:
2009
Description:
Medical Safety and Liability Issues for Short-Duration Commercial Orbital Space Flights, Published 2009, 32 pages. The objective of this report is to identify and prioritize medical screening considerations in order to preserve the health and promote the safety of paying passengers who intend to participate in short-duration flights (up to 4 weeks) onboard commercial orbital space vehicles. This report is intended to provide general medical guidance to the operators of orbital manned commercial space vehicles for the medical assessment of prospective passengers. More specifically, this report is intended for medical personnel employed by commercial space vehicle operators. Physicians supported by other appropriate health professionals who are trained and experienced in the concepts of aerospace medicine should perform the medical assessments of all prospective space passengers. In view of the wide variety of possible approaches that can be used to design and operate orbital manned commercial space vehicles in the foreseeable future, the IAA medical safety considerations are generic in scope and are based on current analysis of physiological and pathological changes that may occur as a result of human exposure to operational and environmental risk factors present during orbital space flight. 35€ shipping included.
€35.00

Asteroids & Comets

SKU: B013
Published:
2009
Description:
Dealing with the Threat to Earth from Asteroids and Comets, Published 2009, 140 pages. Hardcover. The Earth has been struck by asteroids and comets (Near-Earth Objects, NEOs) many times throughout its history. This report of the International Academy of Astronautics addresses the nature of the threat, expected future impacts, and the consequences of impacts from various size NEOs. It reviews current programs to detect, track, and characterize NEOs, and the future improvements required in order to take responsible and timely action. It identifies a number of techniques that could alter an incoming NEO's orbit so as to avoid an impact. It addresses the organizational aspects that will have to be dealt with if a serious international capability is to be developed and employed to mitigate the threat. It then addresses behavioral factors and the sociological and psychological aspects of the threat and attempts at its mitigation before, during, and after an intercept attempt, whether successful or not. Lastly the report examines some of the principal international policy implications that must be dealt with if the world is to act in a timely, unified, and effective way with the very real threat due to NEOs. 80€ shipping included.
€80.00

Artificial Gravity

SKU: B012
Published:
2009
Description:
Artificial Gravity Research to enable Human Space Exploration, Published 2009, 37 pages. The scope of the report covered the key biomedical research questions that need to be answered to make artificial gravity a practical countermeasure and the facilities and flight opportunities required to answer key questions to accomplish the necessary research. Human and animal experiments, on Earth and in space, were considered for both short-radius intermittent centrifugation and long-radius continuous rotation paradigms. 35€ shipping included.
€35.00

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