Electronic version

Global Perspectives on Regional Cooperation in Space: Policies, Governance & Legal Tools

SKU: EB041
Description:
Global Perspectives on Regional Cooperation in Space: Policies, Governance & Legal Tools, published in March 2017, 269 pages. This IAA Cosmic Study focuses on four geographic regions: the Americas, Europe, Africa and Asia-Pacific. The majority of the contributions emphasizes the present status of regional cooperation, and makes recommendations for enhanced collaboration as well as areas for future study and collaboration. 10€ for a pdf format version. €10.00 (electronic version).
€10.00

Space Mineral Resources – A Global Assessment of the Challenges and Opportunities

SKU: EB045
Description:
Space Mineral Resources – A Global Assessment of the Challenges and Opportunities, published in 2015, 392 pages. The exploitation of space mineral resources is becoming a commercial space endeavor for the benefit of humanity and profit. In 2012, the IAA approved a broad study of the technology, economics, legal and policy aspects of identifying, obtaining, and using these resources. In 2013 and 2014, multiple commercial ventures announced their intensions to initiate human (and robotic) missions to the Moon, Mars and asteroids. The question on the table is not “how” to leverage space minerals resources, but ”how best” to leverage them. The purpose of this study is to provide, in one document, the current state of the art of the technology, economics, law & policy related to Space Mineral Resource (SMR) opportunities. The study will make specific recommendations for moving forward as it will also provide a brief analysis of opportunities. The industrial use of SMR is no longer science fiction; and, feasibility is no longer a function entirely of engineering – the game changer is recognized to be economics. Preliminary economic conclusions include (1) architectures based upon returning precious metals to terrestrial markets alone appears to be a non-starter, (2) the existence of in-space customers for propellants, consumables, structural materials, and shielding could make asteroid mining economically feasible, and (3) longer-term hybrid architectures with both terrestrial and in-space customers could become feasible as costs drop and market size increases. This study was conducted under the assumption that the international space community can make a difference. The study was primarily conducted by knowledgeable professionals from two industries: the space arena and the commercial mining industry. As such, this report was written for two audiences: global space leadership and the mining industry. We, as an industry and as a portion of humanity, can change the current arrow of history so that it points in optimistic directions allowing the human condition to improve and expand. The change that is mandated to accomplish this is to: Leverage the phenomenal resources available in our solar system. From space – For Space! 10€ for a pdf format version. €10.00 (electronic version).
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Global Human Mars System Missions Exploration – Goals, Requirements and Technologies

SKU: EB039
Description:
Global Human Mars System Missions Exploration – Goals, Requirements and Technologies. Published August 2016, 152 pages, soft cover.The idea that humans could reach Mars is quite old and was advocated by many pioneers of spaceflight. Apart from fictional descriptions, sometimes by passing completely the problem of getting there, and of pioneristic work dealing with the general aspect of the problem, the first detailed study of a human Mars mission was done by Wernher von Braun who published in 1949 Das Mars Projekt, a technically sound project, demonstrating that it was possible to reach Mars with a technology predictable for a not too distant future. This project, although technologically consistent, didn’t take in due account the relevant costs and, as perhaps unavoidably in a first attempt to rationalize the problem, was not sustainable. Since then many projects were published by space agencies, individual researchers and companies from many different countries, but after 65 years human Mars exploration seems to be still a goal far in the future. One of these studies was the “Cosmic Study” on human Mars Exploration published by the International Academy of Astronautics (IAA) in 1993. The International Space Exploration Coordination Group (ISECG) produced a Global Exploration Roadmap (GER) in which three destinations for exploration missions are contemplated: the Moon, the cislunar space and the asteroids, and Mars. While in the roadmap the goal of human Mars exploration is considered as a goal to be achieved in a more distant future, several “stepping stones” are stated, among which there is a strong program of Mars robotic exploration. In this context, the IAA in 2012 has set up a Study Group (SG 3.16) to produce a new Cosmic Study dealing with human Mars missions. The first results of this work were summarized in a White Cosmic Study presented at the Heads of Space Agencies meeting in Washington D.C., USA in January 2014. The final results of the study group constitute the present document. The purpose of this IAA study is not to produce yet another project design, but rather to help future projects develop by summarizing, in one document, the current state of the art on the various aspects related to Human Mars Exploration: technological, human, economic and organizational. It will end with specific recommendations for overcoming the obstacles still cluttering the road toward achieving the end goal of launching a manned mission to Mars. The starting point of the study is that the very ambitious goal of bringing humans to the Red Planet must be pursued as a truly international enterprise; in which all countries contribute toward the final achievement. Another starting assumption is that reaching Mars must not be a single exploit, but a very important step along a road leading the human species to become a spacefaring civilization. 10€ for a pdf format version. €10.00 (electronic version).
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E-Learning, Education Content Sharing: Technical & Legal Issues in Space Life Sciences

SKU: EB043
Description:
E-Learning, Education Content Sharing: Technical & Legal Issues in Space Life Sciences, published in March 2016, 95 pages. The study investigated the status of e-learning in the Life Sciences section in collaborations with other scientific fields and especially focused on the search, sharing and digital rights of educational materials, technologies and technological platforms used in educational activities. The overall goals of the study group were mainly, and by promoting cross-disciplinary collaboration in space medicine, to report on (electronic) educational activities occurring around the globe in this scientific area, to facilitate the registration of experiences on the utilization of contemporary platforms/environments for e-learning deployment, to spread experiences related to conformance with educational standards, to facilitate the e-exchange of educational digital material among educators and finally experiment with the implementation of digital copyright. 10€ for a pdf format version. €10.00 (electronic version).
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The Energetic Particle Radiation Hazard en route to and at Mars

SKU: EB042
Description:
The Energetic Particle Radiation Hazard en route to and at Mars, published in March 2017, 403 pages. We understand today that the potential health hazard posed to crews in deep space due to energetic particle radiation is a matter of even greater complexity than was recognized in earlier times. Scientists, Engineers and Biologists worldwide are presently investigating, in many interdisciplinary communities the problems concerned using new avenues of approach, backed up by powerful diagnostic tools, in an attempt to find a viable solution. The outcome of these multidisciplinary approaches will decide if the vulnerability of the human body will ultimately confine humanity to the cradle of Mother Earth or if, rather, mankind can indeed in future populate distant environments. 10€ for a pdf format version. €10.00 (electronic version).
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Space Physiology and Medicine in the Exploration Era: the IAA Virtual Institute of Space Life Sciences and medicine

SKU: EB044
Description:
"Space Physiology and Medicine in the Exploration Era: the IAA Virtual Institute of Space Life Sciences and medicine". Published in March 2016, 21 pages. In view of future space exploration goals, the International Academy of Astronautics (IAA) space physiology and medicine community strongly advocates increasing the available opportunities for life sciences research in space and on the ground, including research in medicine, physiology, biology, neurobehavioral and radiation effects, and concurrently increasing efforts to better link the results of life sciences research on Earth and in space. Such a strengthening of the ties between groundbased and space research will be beneficial for both parties by improving health care on Earth and supporting human exploration of space. It will also substantially increase the support for human spaceflight in the general population, as the results can be directly applied to normal ground-based medicine. These goals can be achieved by the following actions: • Strengthen the links between space and terrestrial life sciences; • Strengthen international collaboration in space life sciences; • Strengthen joint research on fundamental questions in the life sciences; • Maintain the opportunities to study human physiology and molecular as well as animal model systems in microgravity and the radiation environment in orbit by extending the lifetime of the International Space Station and through direct collaborations with governments and companies, thus providing extended opportunities for studying long-term human adaptation to microgravity; • Perform human exploration step-by-step with sound scientific tasks for the astronauts; • Consider relevant scientific research beyond the scope of the International Space Station, in line with the goals set out under the ISECG (2013) Global Exploration Road Map, to undertake planetary exploration. In order to achieve these ambitious goals, the IAA Life Sciences Community advocates the formation of a “Virtual Institute of Space Life Sciences and Medicine (VISLSaM)”. The basic concept of this institute is described in the current study. 10€ for a pdf format version. €10.00 (electronic version).
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Space Life Sciences for Africa, International Cooperation for Space Life Sciences Knowledge Sharing and Development in Africa

SKU: EB036
Description:
Space Life Sciences for Africa, International Cooperation for Space Life Sciences Knowledge Sharing and Development in Africa, published in 2014, 49 pages. This cosmic study aims to develop the IAA’s strategy for space life sciences knowledge development and sharing for emerging space-faring African nations in general and for Nigeria’s National Space Research and Development Agency (NASRDA) in particular. The study’s review of space activities in Africa reveals that two African countries—Nigeria and South Africa—have fully developed space agencies and programs. The cosmic study charge is to assess existing space-related activities among African nations and suggest strategies to enable and promote space life sciences research and educational outreach in African countries seeking to expand their role in the space science community through increased international cooperation. The goals of this cosmic study are to: review existing space exploration activities in Africa; recommend feasible IAA strategies for space life sciences knowledge development and sharing in Africa; and suggest a design for a roadmap showing how Africa’s space-faring countries may develop international partnerships to produce indigenous space life sciences research and educational outreach programs in a rapidly globalizing space exploration world.
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Private Human Access to Space Volume 1: Suborbital Flights

SKU: EB035
Description:
Private Human Access to Space Volume 1: Suborbital Flights, Published 2014, 98 pages. In this cosmic study booklet we have provided an overview of the different issues and challenges associated with private suborbital spaceflight. An historical perspective was provided to set the stage for addressing the technical challenges still to be overcome. The various elements required for the business of space tourism, including spaceports, vehicle design, to include interior considerations, were addressed. An assessment of what motivates people towards personal spaceflight as well as the medical requirements that might be imposed were also detailed. Indeed, there is still much to do on the legal side of things as this new enterprise seeks to identify the appropriate legal framework in which to operate. Finally, the market demand, including that for potential payload opportunities, was analyzed and the current international commercial regulations have been presented to provide a complete picture of this emerging business area. A SWOT analysis, highlighting the Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats associated with space tourism captures the essential elements under consideration and is the basis for several recommendations. 10€ for a pdf format version. €10.00 (electronic version).
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Guidelines for Standardization of Bed Rest Studies in the Spaceflight Context

SKU: EB034
Description:
Guidelines for Standardization of Bed Rest Studies in the Spaceflight Context, Published 2014, 70 pages. Bed rest studies, in which healthy volunteers are confined to bed in a 6° head-down tilt position, are a well-established model for some of the adaptations experienced by astronauts during spaceflight. They are therefore a very valuable tool both for investigating possible mechanisms and for testing measures to counter these adaptations. Further, the results obtained in these studies have obvious relevance and applications in terrestrial clinical contexts, which make them even more useful. Many space agencies (and in some cases even individual investigator teams) around the world are involved in organizing bed rest studies. However the conditions in which these studies are performed are quite diverse. Differences lie, for example, in the duration of studies, angle (6° tilt or horizontal), sunlight exposure, sleep/wake cycles, nutritional standards and control. This complicates drawing overall conclusions and comparing results on countermeasure effectiveness between different studies. In order to achieve better standardization of bed rest studies in the spaceflight context, an International Academy of Astronauts (IAA) study group was initiated, including members from most of the entities that are actively pursuing this type of activity. This cosmic study represents the outcome of the work of the study group. Standardization can be differentiated to two different aspects: standardization of the conditions of bed rest studies and standardization of a core set of measurements to ensure that a minimum of outcome data are available from every study. Consequently this report contains description of these two aspects. 10€ for a pdf format version. €10.00 (electronic version).
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Space Elevators: an Assessment of the Technological Feasibility and the Way Forward

SKU: EB040
Description:
Space Elevators: an Assessment of the Technological Feasibility and the Way Forward, Published in 2013, 349 pages. This book addresses the simple and complex issues that have been identified through the development of space elevator concepts over the last decade. The report begins with a summary of those ideas in Edwards' and Westling's book The Space Elevator (2003). Out of these beginnings has risen a worldwide cadre focused upon their areas of expertise as applied to space elevator development and operational infrastructure. The report answers some basic questions about the feasibility of a space elevator infrastructure. A preview of the main questions and answers shows the depth and breadth of this Cosmic Study: Why a space elevator? Can it be done? How would all the elements fit together to create a system of systems? What are the technical feasibility of each major space elevator element? 10€ for a pdf format version. €10.00 (electronic version).
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