Global Human Mars System Missions Exploration – Goals, Requirements and Technologies

Global Human Mars System Missions Exploration – Goals, Requirements and Technologies

B039
Global Human Mars System Missions Exploration – Goals, Requirements and Technologies. Published August 2016, 152 pages, soft cover.The idea that humans could reach Mars is quite old and was advocated by many pioneers of spaceflight. Apart from fictional descriptions, sometimes by passing completely the problem of getting there, and of pioneristic work dealing with the general aspect of the problem, the first detailed study of a human Mars mission was done by Wernher von Braun who published in 1949 Das Mars Projekt, a technically sound project, demonstrating that it was possible to reach Mars with a technology predictable for a not too distant future. This project, although technologically consistent, didn’t take in due account the relevant costs and, as perhaps unavoidably in a first attempt to rationalize the problem, was not sustainable. Since then many projects were published by space agencies, individual researchers and companies from many different countries, but after 65 years human Mars exploration seems to be still a goal far in the future. One of these studies was the “Cosmic Study” on human Mars Exploration published by the International Academy of Astronautics (IAA) in 1993. The International Space Exploration Coordination Group (ISECG) produced a Global Exploration Roadmap (GER) in which three destinations for exploration missions are contemplated: the Moon, the cislunar space and the asteroids, and Mars. While in the roadmap the goal of human Mars exploration is considered as a goal to be achieved in a more distant future, several “stepping stones” are stated, among which there is a strong program of Mars robotic exploration. In this context, the IAA in 2012 has set up a Study Group (SG 3.16) to produce a new Cosmic Study dealing with human Mars missions. The first results of this work were summarized in a White Cosmic Study presented at the Heads of Space Agencies meeting in Washington D.C., USA in January 2014. The final results of the study group constitute the present document. The purpose of this IAA study is not to produce yet another project design, but rather to help future projects develop by summarizing, in one document, the current state of the art on the various aspects related to Human Mars Exploration: technological, human, economic and organizational. It will end with specific recommendations for overcoming the obstacles still cluttering the road toward achieving the end goal of launching a manned mission to Mars. The starting point of the study is that the very ambitious goal of bringing humans to the Red Planet must be pursued as a truly international enterprise; in which all countries contribute toward the final achievement. Another starting assumption is that reaching Mars must not be a single exploit, but a very important step along a road leading the human species to become a spacefaring civilization. 40€ shipping included.
 
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